Non-Contact Tension Sensor Operating Principle
Patent No: 0229027.8
The Digiforce non-contact tension meter comprises of a hand held battery powered instrument with a
matrix keypad, alphanumeric display and magnetic flux density sensor. It
is operated by holding it close to but not touching the vibrating
member to be measured.
It operates on the principle that when a tensioned member anchored between two points is struck it vibrates at a frequency related to its tensile stress.
If the frequency of the vibrating member can be measured then
the tensile stress can be calculated using the formula T=4 x L² x F² x W where:-
T is the tensile stress in decanewtons
L is the length of the tensioned member between the two anchor points
F is the frequency of oscillation of the tensioned member in Hz
W is the weight per metre of the tensioned member in kg/metre
Mounted within the case of the Digiforce is a magnetic pick up sensor that produces an output voltage in response to variations in its self-induced magnetic field caused by proximity to a moving ferrous metal part, (For non-ferrous material a ferrous clip is attached to the tensioned member).
The voltage pulses from the pick up sensor are then processed in a manner that determines the validity of each vibration by forming a tolerance range for each reading, comparing all the other readings to it and producing a score for each reading representing the number of readings within the tolerance range for that reading, determining the number of readings that have the highest score, taking an average of these readings and computing the frequency from the average.
Having determined in this manner the frequency of vibration of the member this data is then processed with the previously stored information for the length of the tensioned member between two fixed points and the weight of the member in gms/metre. The resultant force in kN is then displayed.
If the instrument is not satisfied with the quality of the vibration information it has received it will not provide a tension figure and reverts to enable the user to take the measurement again.
Further Digiforce Resources